Learning Disabilities (or LD) is a broad label used to describe a range of psycho-neurological conditions that impair a person’s ability to learn and process information. The most common conditions include:
Dysgraphia – writing disorder
Dyslexia – reading disorder
Dyscalculia – mathematics disorder
Dyscognia – difficulties in problem solving and concept development
CAPD (Central Auditory Processing Disorder) is also considered a learning disability.
Other problems faced by children, as well as some adults with LD, include distractibility, impulsivity and hyperactivity (ADD/ADHD). It is important to have early testing for LD so that proper treatment and care can be given.
Avoidance behavior may also be evident in such individuals. Another condition often found in learning disabled children is Sensory Integration Dysfunction – a neurological disorder that has to do with an inability to integrate information coming in through the senses. The brain of an individual with a learning disability is “wired” differently, impeding access to structures required for smooth cognitive performance. Many people with learning disabilities also suffer from attention deficit disorder.